One of the oldest career options, engineering still remains the choicest career option among the youngsters. The stream offers lot of opportunities for the graduates, who are in great demand in almost all type of organization.Today, with development of science and technology, engineering offers a wide range of options like Aeronautical, Computer Science, Electrical, Electronics, Textile, Agricultural, Industrial, Production Engineering, etc. Engineering is a profession full of challenges where creativity and ingenuity know no limit or boundaries. This is one profession which can make you explore the depths of ocean and take you to as far as the outer space.
Q.1. What are the different courses in Engineering ?
Ans. Apart from the traditional branches which include Civil, Mechanical and Electrical, engineering offers a vista of branches and specialization options. One can opt for B.E/ B.Tech in the disciplines of Computer Science, Information Technology, Electronics and Communication, Chemical, Automobile, Ceramics, Environmental, Textile, Marine, Production engineering etc. Engineering courses are usually offered at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate level. The eligibility criterion for undergraduate courses is a pass in 10+2 with 50% marks in physics, chemistry and mathematics. For postgraduate course i.e. M.E/M.Tech, a Bachelor’s degree in engineering is required and for doctoral course, post graduation in the relevant subject is essential.
Q.2. What are the different Institutes which offer degrees in Engineering ?
Ans. In India, there are a plethora of institutes offering courses in various disciplines of engineering, at different degree/diploma levels. Some of the topmost engineering institutes include the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology(NITs), Birla National Institute of Technology and Science, Dhirubhai Ambani Institute Of Information and Communication Technology, Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Vellore Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), etc.
Q.3. How can one get admissions to these colleges ?
Ans. Admission to the engineering courses is usually done on the basis of merit in the entrance exams ( like IIT-JEE, AIEEE, BITSAT, WBJEE, VITEEE, CUSAT, ISAT, etc ) conducted at the state or national level. Also many colleges and universities give direct admission based on the merit list ( based on XII board exams).
Q.4. What are the different career prospects after completion of engineering ?
Ans. The overall career prospect of this profession is good and is considered to be excellent in certain specialties. Engineers find job opportunity in almost all related industries, academics and research institutes. They could also find employment in the government sector and armed forces.
Medicine is one of the sought after professions the world over. In India, medical science has made tremendous development, over the past few decades. Numerous specializations have been developed over a period of time. The medical profession is considered to be the noblest profession of all. The job of a doctor requires hard work, dedication, patience and above all, zeal to cure the patients. The various areas of specialization include General Medicine, General Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Paediatrics, Cardiology, Anesthesiology, Neurosurgery, Neonatology etc. The other systems of medicine other than Allopathy are Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc. It also includes Dentistry and Veterinary Science. It is one of the most rewarding careers for those who are interested in dealing with sick people and helping them to live life again in its full colours.
Q.5. What are the different courses in Medicine ?
Ans.Courses in medical science are offered at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate levels. At the undergraduate level, an MBBS degree is awarded in allopathic system of medical science, whereas in Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and Unani System of Medical science, BAMS, BHMS and BUMS degree are awarded, respectively. A BDS degree is awarded at the undergraduate level in dental science. For Veterinary Science, B. Sc degree is awarded. For pursuing any of the above mentioned courses, one has to pass the intermediate exam with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects, from a recognized Board. For pursuing Master’s degree, Bachelor’s degree is required and for doctoral programme, one has to be a postgraduate in the field of medical science. The admission procedure for the above mentioned courses is very strict, as one has to go through highly competitive entrance exam held at state or national levels. Medical students are comprehensively taught about the various fields of medical science, through theoretical and practical knowledge. Moreover, MBBS undergraduates are assigned compulsory internship at the end of the curriculum, when they have to work as doctors in medical colleges.
Q.6. What are the different Institutes which offer degrees in Medicine ?
Ans. In India, there are a number of institutes offering courses in various disciplines of medicinw, at different degree/diploma levels. Some of the topmost medical institutes are All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Lady Hardinge Medical College, Maulana Azad Medical College, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Christian Medical College (CMC), Aligarh Unani and Ayurvedic Medical College, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, etc.
Q.7. How can one get admissions to these colleges ?
Ans. Admission to the engineering courses is usually done on the basis of merit in the entrance exams ( AIIMS-PMT, AIPMT, BHU-PMT, UPCMET, AIPGDET, JIPMER etc ) conducted at the state or national level. Also many colleges and universities give direct admission based on the merit list ( based on XII board exams).
Q.8. What are the different career prospects after completion of degree in Medicine ?
Ans. The profession of a doctor is very demanding and also, very rewarding. One could not just find employment in the government or private hospitals, but also find employment in research institutes and medical colleges, as researchers. They could also do private practice or work in nursing homes, clinics or health care centers.