Elementary Mathematics was part of the education system in most Ancient Civilisations, including Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, Vedic Society and Ancient Egypt. In the Renaissance the academic status of mathematics declined, because it was strongly associated with trade and commerce. Although it continued to be taught in European Universities, it was seen as subservient to the study of Natural, Metaphysical and Moral Philosophy.

This trend was somewhat reversed in the seventeenth century, with the University of Aberdeen creating a Mathematics Chair in 1613, followed by the Chair in Geometry being set up in University of Oxford in 1619 and the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics being established by the University of Cambridge in 1662.

By the Twentieth Century Mathematics was part of the core curriculum in all developed countries and currently mathematics is part of curriculum of any teaching.


Mathematics is the queen of science and the language of nature. Mathematical thinking is important for all members of a modern society as a habit of mind for its use in the workplace, business and finance; and for personal decision-making. Mathematics is fundamental to national prosperity in providing tools for understanding science, engineering, technology and economics. It is essential in public decision-making and for participation in the knowledge economy.

Mathematics equips pupils with uniquely powerful ways to describe, analyze and change the world. It can stimulate moments of pleasure and wonder for all pupils when they solve a problem for the first time, discover a more elegant solution, or notice hidden connections. Pupils who are functional in mathematics and financially capable are able to think independently in applied and abstract ways, and can reason, solve problems and assess risk.

Mathematics is a creative discipline. The language of mathematics is international. The subject transcends cultural boundaries and its importance is universally recognized. Mathematics has developed over time as a means of solving problems and also for its own sake.


Mathematics as a Career

Those who qualify in mathematics are in the fortunate position of having a wide range of career choices. The abilities :

are all enhanced by a mathematics degree course. It is for this reason that mathematician are increasingly in demand. With a mathematics degree, you should be able to turn your hand to finance, statistics, engineering, computers, teaching or accountancy with a success not possible to other graduates. This flexibility is even more important nowadays, with the considerable uncertainty as to which areas will be the best for employment in future years.

The most recent surveys show graduates in mathematicians and computer science at the top of the earning lists six years after graduation.]Computer science has a considerable mathematical component, which is becoming more important as the designers of software are required to prove that the software meets its specification. This kind of rigour is one of the basic techniques of mathematics, and can be learned only through a mathematics course.

Quality Perspective


Higher Secondary and Senior Secondary

This syllabus continues the approach along which the syllabi of Classes VI to VIII have been developed. It has been designed in a manner that maintains continuity of a concept and its applications from Classes IX to XII.

The salient features of the course are the following :